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Part 4      EARLY AND PERIODIC SCREENING, DIAGNOSTIC AND TREATMENT (EPSDT) PROGRAM/CHILD HEALTH SERVICES

317:30-3-65.Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) Program/Child-health Services

[Revised 10-01-18]
   Payment is made to eligible providers for Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) services on behalf of eligible individuals under the age of 21.

(1) The EPSDT program is a comprehensive child-health program, designed to ensure the availability of, and access to, required health care resources and help parents and guardians of Medicaid-eligible children and adolescents use these resources. An effective EPSDT program assures that health problems are diagnosed and treated early before they become more complex and their treatment more costly. The physician plays a significant role in educating parents and guardians about all services available through the EPSDT program. The receipt of an identified EPSDT screening makes the member eligible for all necessary follow-up care that is within the scope of the SoonerCare program.Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) covers services, supplies, or equipment that are determined to be medically necessary for a child or adolescent, and which are included within the categories of mandatory and optional services in Section 1905(a) of Title XIX, regardless of whether such services, supplies, or equipment are listed as covered in Oklahoma's State Plan.

(2) Federal regulations also require that the State set standards and protocols for each component of EPSDT services. The standards must provide for services at intervals which meet reasonable standards of medical and dental practice. The standards must also provide for EPSDT services at other intervals as medically necessary to determine the existence of certain physical or behavioral health illnesses or conditions.

(3) SoonerCare providers who perform EPSDT screenings must assure that the screenings they provide meet the minimum standards established by the Oklahoma Health Care Authority in order to be reimbursed at the level established for EPSDT services.

(4) An EPSDT screening is considered a comprehensive examination. A provider billing SoonerCare for an EPSDT screen may not bill any other Evaluation and Management Current Procedure Terminology (CPT) code for that patient on that same day. It is expected that the screening provider will perform necessary treatment as part of the screening charge. However, there may be other additional diagnostic procedures or treatments not normally considered part of a comprehensive examination, including diagnostic tests and administration of immunizations, required at the time of screening. Additional diagnostic procedures or treatments may be billed independently from the screening. Some services as set out in this section may require prior authorization.

(5) For an EPSDT screening to be considered a completed reimbursable service, providers must perform, and document, all required components of the screening examination. Documentation of screening services performed must be retained for future review.

(6) All comprehensive screenings provided to individuals under age 21 must be filed on HCFA-1500 using the appropriate preventive medicine procedure code or an appropriate Evaluation and Management code from the Current Procedural Terminology Manual (CPT) accompanied by the appropriate "V" diagnosis code.

 

 

317:30-3-65.1.Minimum required screenings [REVOKED]
[Revoked 10-01-18]

317:30-3-65.2.Periodicity schedule

[Revised 10-01-18]
   The Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) requires that physicians providing reimbursable Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) screens adopt and utilize the guidelines established by the American Academy of Pediatrics' Bright Futures' periodicity schedule.


317:30-3-65.3.Initial screening examination
[Issued 06-25-06]
An initial EPSDT screening may be requested by an eligible individual at any time and must be provided without regard to whether the individual's age coincides with the established periodicity schedule.

317:30-3-65.4.Screening components

[Revised 09-01-19]
   Comprehensive Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) screenings are performed by, or under the supervision of, a SoonerCare physician or other SoonerCare practitioner. SoonerCare physicians are defined as all licensed allopathic and osteopathic physicians in accordance with the rules and regulations covering the Oklahoma Health Care Authority's (OHCA) SoonerCare program. Other SoonerCare practitioners are defined as all contracted physician assistants and advanced practice registered nurses in accordance with the rules and regulations covering the OHCA's SoonerCare program. At a minimum, screening examinations must include, but not be limited to, the following components:

(1) Comprehensive health and developmental history.  Health and developmental history information may be obtained from the parent or other responsible adult who is familiar with the member's history and include an assessment of both physical and mental health development. Coupled with the physical examination, this includes:

(A) Developmental assessment.  Developmental assessment includes a range of activities to determine whether an individual's developmental processes fall within a normal range of achievement according to age group and cultural background. Screening for development assessment is a part of every routine, initial and periodic screening examination. Acquire information on the member's usual functioning as reported by the member, teacher, health professional or other familiar person. Review developmental progress as a component of overall health and well-being given the member's age and culture. As appropriate, assess the following elements:

(i) Gross and fine motor development;

(ii) Communication skills, language and speech development;

(iii) Self-help, self-care skills;

(iv) Social-emotional development;

(v) Cognitive skills;

(vi) Visual-motor skills;

(vii) Learning disabilities;

(viii) Psychological/psychiatric problems;

(ix) Peer relations; and

(x) Vocational skills.

(B) Assessment of nutritional status.  Nutritional assessment may include preventive treatment and follow-up services including dietary counseling and nutrition education if appropriate. This is accomplished in the basic examination through:

(i) Questions about dietary practices;

(ii) Complete physical examination, including an oral dental examination;

(iii) Height and weight measurements;

(iv) Laboratory test for iron deficiency; and

(v) Serum cholesterol screening, if feasible and appropriate.

(2) Comprehensive unclothed physical examination. Comprehensive unclothed physical examination includes the following:

(A) Physical growth.  Record and compare height and weight with those considered normal for that age. Record head circumference for children under one year of age. Report height and weight over time on a graphic recording sheet.

(B) Unclothed physical inspection.  Check the general appearance of the member to determine overall health status and detect obvious physical defects. Physical inspection includes an examination of all organ systems such as pulmonary, cardiac, and gastrointestinal.

(3) Immunizations.  Legislation created the Vaccine for Children Program effective October 1, 1994. Vaccines are provided free of charge to all enrolled providers for SoonerCare eligible children and adolescents. Participating providers may bill for an administration fee set by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) on a regional basis. They may not refuse to immunize based on inability to pay the administration fee.

(4) Appropriate laboratory tests.  A blood lead screening test (by either finger stick or venipuncture) must be performed between the ages of nine and 12 months and at 24 months. A blood lead test is required for any child up to age 72 months who had not been previously screened. A blood lead test equal to or greater than 10 micrograms per deciliter (ug/dL) obtained by capillary specimen (fingerstick) must be confirmed using a venous blood sample. If a child is found to have blood lead levels equal to or greater than 10 ug/dL, the Oklahoma Childhood Lead Poison Prevention Program (OCLPPP) must be notified according to rules set forth by the Oklahoma State Board of Health defined in Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 310:512-3-5.

(A) The OCLPPP schedules an environmental inspection to identify the source of the lead for children who have a persistent blood lead level 15 ug/dL or greater. Environmental inspections are provided through the Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH) upon notification from laboratories or providers and reimbursed through the OSDH cost allocation plan approved by OHCA.

(B) Medical judgment is used in determining the applicability of all other laboratory tests or analyses to be performed unless otherwise indicated on the periodicity schedule. If any laboratory tests or analyses are medically contraindicated at the time of the screening, they are provided when no longer medically contraindicated. Laboratory tests should only be given when medical judgment determines they are appropriate. However, laboratory tests should not be routinely administered.

(5) Health education.  Health education is a required component of screening services and includes anticipatory guidance. At the outset, the physical and dental assessment, or screening, gives the initial context for providing health education. Health education and counseling to parents, guardians or members is required. It is designed to assist in understanding expectations of the member's development and provide information about the benefits of healthy lifestyles and practices as well as accident and disease prevention.

(6) Vision and hearing screens.  Vision and hearing services are subject to their own periodicity schedules. However, age-appropriate vision and hearing assessments may be performed as a part of the screening as outlined at OAC 317:30-3-65.7 and 317:30-3-65.9.

(7) Dental screening services.  An oral screening may be included in the EPSDT screening and as a part of the nutritional status assessment. Federal regulations require a direct dental referral for every member in accordance with the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry periodicity schedule and at other intervals as medically necessary. Therefore, when an oral screening is done at the time of the EPSDT screening, the member may be referred directly to a dentist for further screening and/or treatment. Specific dental services are outlined in OAC 317:30-3-65.8.

(8) Maternal depression screens. A maternal depression screening may be provided to the child's mother during the child's EPSDT screening as per the established guidelines in the American Academy of Pediatrics Bright Futures' periodicity schedule.

(9) Reporting suspected abuse and/or neglect. Instances of child abuse and/or neglect are to be reported in accordance with state law, including, but not limited to, 10A Oklahoma Statute (O.S.) ' 1-2-101 and 43A O.S. ' 10-104. Any person suspecting child abuse or neglect shall immediately report it to the Oklahoma Department of Human Services (DHS) hotline, at 1-800-522-3511; any person suspecting abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a vulnerable adult shall immediately report it to the local DHS County Office, municipal or county law enforcement authorities, or, if the report occurs after normal business hours, the DHS hotline. Health care professionals who are requested to report incidents of domestic abuse by adult victims with legal capacity shall promptly make a report to the nearest law enforcement agency, per 22 O.S. ' 58.

 

317:30-3-65.5.Diagnosis and treatment
[Issued 06-25-06]
When a screening indicates the need for further evaluation of an individual's health, a referral for appropriate diagnostic studies or treatment services must be provided without delay. Diagnostic services are defined as those services necessary to fully evaluate defects, physical or behavioral health illnesses or conditions discovered by the screening.
(1) Health care, treatment, or other measures to correct or ameliorate defects, physical or mental illnesses or conditions must also be provided and will be covered by the EPSDT/OHCA Child Health Program as medically necessary. The defects, illnesses and conditions must have been discovered during the screening or shown to have increased in severity.
(2) Services, deemed medically necessary and allowable under federal Medicaid regulations, may be covered by the EPSDT/OHCA Child Health program even though those services may not be part of the Oklahoma Health Care Authority Medicaid program. However, such services must be prior authorized and must be allowable under federal Medicaid regulations.
(3) Federal Medicaid regulations also require the State to make the determination as to whether the service is medically necessary and do not require the provision of any items or services that the State determines are not safe and effective or which are considered experimental.

317:30-3-65.6.Documentation of Services

[Revised 10-01-18]
   Records for Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) screens must contain adequate documentation of services rendered. Such documentation must include the physicians' signature or identifiable initials for every prescription or treatment. Documentation of records may be completed manually or electronically in accordance with guidelines found at OAC 317:30-3-15. Each required element of the age specific screening must be documented with a description of any noted problem, anomaly or concern. In addition, a plan for following necessary diagnostic evaluations, procedures and treatments, must be documented.



317:30-3-65.7.Vision services
[Revised 10-01-18]

Children and adolescents should receive periodic eye and vision examinations to diagnose and treat any eye disease in its early stages in order to prevent or minimize vision loss and maximize visual abilities.

(1) At a minimum, vision services include diagnosis and treatment for defects in vision, including eyeglasses once each twelve (12) months. In addition, payment is made for glasses for members with congenital aphakia or following cataract removal (refer to OAC 317:30-5-2(b)(5) for amount, duration, and scope). Payment is limited to only two (2) glasses per year for a member. Any glasses beyond the two (2) glasses limit must be prior authorized and determined to be medically necessary (refer to 317:30-5-432.1 for more information on corrective lenses and optical supplies).

(2) The OHCA recommends that physicians adopt and utilize the American Optometric Association standards for vision screenings and examinations.

 
317:30-3-65.8.Dental services

[Revised 10-01-18]
(a) At a minimum, dental services include relief of pain and infection; limited restoration of teeth and maintenance of dental health; and oral prophylaxis every 184 days. Dental care includes emergency and preventive services and therapeutic services for dental disease which, if left untreated, may become acute dental problems or may cause irreversible damage to the teeth or supporting structures. Other dental services include inpatient services in an eligible participating hospital, and amalgam composite restorations, pulpotomies, chrome steel crowns, anterior root canals, pulpectomies, band and loop space maintainers, acrylic partial and lingual arch bars; other restoration, repair and/or replacement of dental defects after the treatment plan submitted by a dentist has been authorized (refer to Oklahoma Administrative Code 317:30-5-696(3) for amount, duration and scope).(b) Dental screens should begin at the first sign of tooth eruption by the primary care provider and with each subsequent visit to determine if the member needs a referral to a dental provider. Dental examinations by a qualified dental provider should begin by age one (1)(unless otherwise indicated) and every six (6) months to one (1) year thereafter. Additionally, members should be seen for prophylaxis once every 184 days, if indicated by risk assessment. All other dental services for relief of pain and infection, restoration of teeth and maintenance of dental health should occur as the provider deems necessary.
(c) Separate payment will be made to the member's primary care provider for the application of fluoride varnish during the course of a child-health screening for members ages six (6) months to sixty (60) months. Reimbursement is limited to two applications per year by eligible providers who have attended an OHCA-approved training course related to the application of fluoride varnish.

317:30-3-65.9.Hearing services

[Revised 10-01-18]
(a) At a minimum, hearing services include hearing evaluation once every twelve (12) months, hearing aid evaluation if indicated and purchase of a hearing aid when prescribed by a state licensed audiologist who:

(1) holds a certificate of clinical competence from the American Speech and Hearing Association of the American Academy of Audiologists; or

(2) has completed the equivalent educational requirements and work experience necessary for the certificate; or

(3) has completed the academic program and is acquiring supervised work experience necessary for the certificate; and

(4) holds a contract with Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) to perform such an evaluation and obtains prior authorization for the evaluation.

(b) Interperiodic hearing examinations are allowed at intervals outside the periodicity schedule when a hearing condition is suspected (refer to OAC 317:30-5-676 for amount, duration and scope). The following schedule outlines the services required in the EPSDT/OHCA child-health screening program for hearing services adopted by the OHCA.

(1) Birth. Physiologic screen utilizing automated brainstem response testing or otoacoustic emissions testing.

(2) Two (2) to five (5) months. Subjective screens. Question if passed physiologic newborn hearing screen months in both ears in addition to caregiver concerns regarding hearing sensitivity.

(3) Six (6) to twelve (12) months. Infants with Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) risk factors are screened/assessed with physiologic or behavioral measures which can include visual reinforcement audiometry, acoustic immittance/reflexes testing, auditory brainstem response testing and/or otoacoustic emissions testing. Infants without risk factors are screened subjectively with auditory behavior development checklist.

(4) Eighteen (18) months. Subjective screen. To include brief questionnaire regarding appropriate speech and language development.

(5) Twenty-four (24) months. Members with JCIH risk factors screened/assessed with physiologic or behavioral measures including visual reinforcement audiometry, immittance/reflex testing and/or otoacoustic emissions, or acoustic. Subjective screen for all others to include concerns of caregivers and brief questionnaire regarding speech and language development.

(6) Three (3) years. Behavioral or physiologic screen/assessment which can include either conditioned play audiometry, acoustic immittance testing (including reflexes), pneumatic otoscopy, or otoacoustic emissions.

(7) Four (4) years. Behavioral or physiologic screen/assessment which can include either conditioned play audiometry, acoustic immittance testing (including reflexes), or otoacoustic emissions.

(8) Five (4) to six (6) years. Behavioral screen if not completed in school including conventional behavioral pure tone screening.

(9) Eight (8), ten (10) and twelve (12) years. Behavioral screen if not completed in school including conventional behavioral pure tone screening.

(10) Fifteen (15) and eighteen (18) years. Subjective screening to include concerns regarding school and home communicative performance.


317:30-3-65.10.Periodic and interperiodic screening examinations

[Revised 10-01-18]
(a) Periodic screening examination. Periodic screenings must be provided in accordance with the recommended American Academy of Pediatrics' Bright Futures' periodicity schedule following the initial screening.

(b) Interperiodic screening examination.  Interperiodic screenings must be provided when medically necessary to determine the existence of suspected physical or mental illnesses or conditions. This may include, but is not limited to, physical, mental or dental conditions. The screening components must include health and physical history, physical examination, assessment and administration of necessary immunizations, check of nutritional status, appropriate lab and x-ray and anticipatory guidance. The determination of whether an interperiodic screen is medically necessary may be made by a health, developmental or educational professional who comes into contact with the member outside of the formal health care system. Claims for interperiodic screenings must be billed under the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology codes on form HCFA-1500 for services that are determined medically necessary.



317:30-3-65.11.Partial screening examination
[Issued 06-25-06]
A partial screening may be paid if the provider cannot provide all of the minimum components of the screening.

317:30-3-65.12.Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) services

[Revised 01-06-2020]

(a) Purpose and general provisions. The purpose of this Section is to establish guidelines for the provision of ABA services under the EPSDT benefit.

(1) ABA focuses on the analysis, design, implementation, and evaluation of instructional and other environmental modifications to produce meaningful changes in human behavior. ABA services include the use of direct observation, measurement, and functional analysis of the relations between the environment and behavior. Common ABA-based techniques include, but are not limited to; discrete trial training; pivotal response training; and verbal behavioral intervention.

(2) ABA may be provided in a variety of settings, including home, community, or a clinical setting. It involves development of an individualized treatment plan that includes transition and aftercare planning, and significant family/caregiver involvement.

(3) At an initial assessment, target symptoms are identified. A treatment plan is developed that identifies core deficits and aberrant behaviors, and includes designated interventions intended to address these deficits and behaviors and achieve individualized goals.

(4) Functional behavioral assessment (FBA) may also be a part of any assessment. An FBA consists of:

(A) Description of the problematic behavior (topography, onset/offset, cycle, intensity, severity);

(B) History of the problematic behavior (long-term and recent);

(C) Antecedent analysis (setting, people, time of day, events);

(D) Consequence analysis; and

(E) Impression and analysis of the function of the problematic behavior.

(5) ABA services require prior authorization [refer to Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 317:30-3-31]. These services are designed to accomplish medically necessary management of severe and complex clinical conditions that within a finite and reasonable period of time, the caregiver will be able to demonstrate knowledge and ability to independently and safely carry out the established plan of care.

(b) Eligible providers. Eligible ABA provider types include:

(1) Board certified behavior analyst (BCBA) B A master's or doctoral level independent practitioner who is certified by the national-accrediting Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) and licensed by Oklahoma Department of Human Services' (DHS) Developmental Disabilities Services Division (DDS) to provide behavior analysis services. A BCBA may supervise the work of board certified assistant behavior analysts and registered behavior technicians implementing behavior analytic interventions;

(2) Board certified assistant behavior analyst (BCaBA) B A bachelor's level practitioner who is certified by the national-accrediting BACB and certified by DHS DDS to provide behavior analysis services under the supervision of a BCBA;

(3) Registered behavior technician (RBT) B A high school level or higher paraprofessional who is certified by the national-accrediting BACB and practices under the close and ongoing supervision of a BCBA. The RBT works under the license number of a BCBA and is primarily responsible for the direct implementation of BCBA designed and prescribed behavior-analytic services; and

(4) Human services professional B A practitioner who is licensed by the State of Oklahoma pursuant to (A) B (H), and certified by the national-accrediting BACB, and who is working within the scope of his or her practice, to include:

(A) A licensed physical therapist;

(B) A licensed occupational therapist;

(C) A licensed clinical social worker or social worker candidate under the supervision of a licensed clinical social worker;

(D) A licensed psychologist;

(E) A licensed speech-language pathologist or licensed audiologist;

(F) A licensed professional counselor or professional counselor candidate under the supervision of a licensed professional counselor;

(G) A licensed marital and family therapist or marital and family therapist candidate under the supervision of a licensed marital and family therapist; or

(H) A licensed behavioral practitioner or behavioral practitioner candidate under the supervision of a licensed behavioral practitioner.

(c) Provider criteria. To direct, supervise, and/or render ABA services, the following conditions shall be met.

(1) A BCBA shall:

(A) Be currently licensed by DHS DDS as a BCBA;

(B) Have no sanctions or disciplinary actions by DHS DDS or the BACB;

(C) Have no current overpayment(s) due to SoonerCare, and no Medicare or Medicaid sanctions or exclusions from participation in federally funded programs; and

(D) Be fully contracted with SoonerCare as a provider.

(2) A BCaBA shall:

(A) Be currently certified by DHS DDS as a BCaBA;

(B) Work under the supervision of a SoonerCare-contracted BCBA provider;

(C) Have no current overpayment(s) due to SoonerCare, and no Medicare or Medicaid sanctions or exclusions from participation in federally funded programs; and

(D) Be fully contracted with SoonerCare as a provider.

(3) An RBT shall:

(A) Be currently certified by the national-accrediting BACB as an RBT;

(B) Work under the supervision of a SoonerCare-contracted BCBA provider;

(C) Have no current overpayment(s) due to SoonerCare, and no Medicare or Medicaid sanctions or exclusions from participation in federally funded programs; and

(D) Be fully contracted with SoonerCare as a provider.

(4) A human services professional shall:

(A) Be currently licensed or certified by the State of Oklahoma, in accordance with Title 59 of the Oklahoma Statutes (O.S.), ' 1928;

(B) Be currently certified by the national-accrediting BACB;

(C) Have no sanctions or disciplinary actions by the applicable state licensing board or the BACB;

(D) If working under supervision within the scope of his or her practice, have a documented relationship with a fully-licensed human service professional working in a supervisory capacity;

(E) Have no current overpayment(s) due to SoonerCare, and no Medicare or Medicaid sanctions or exclusions from participation in federally funded programs; and

(F) Be fully contracted with SoonerCare as a provider.

(d) Medical necessity criteria for members under twenty-one (21) years of age . ABA services are considered medically necessary when all of the following conditions are met:

(1) The member is under twenty-one (21) years of age with a definitive diagnosis of an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) from the following providers:

(A) Pediatric neurologist or neurologist;

(B) Developmental pediatrician;

(C) Licensed psychologist;

(D) Psychiatrist or neuropsychiatrist; or

(E) Other licensed physician experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of autism.

(2) A comprehensive diagnostic evaluation completed by one (1) of the above identified professionals must:

(A) Include a complete pertinent medical and social history, including pre-and perinatal, medical, developmental, family, and social elements; and

(B) Be based on criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) for ASD and/or may also include scores from the use of formal diagnostic tests such as the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2), Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) or other tools with acceptable psychometric properties. Screening scales are not sufficient to make a diagnosis and will not be accepted as the only formal scale.

(3) There must be a reasonable expectation that the member will benefit from ABA. The member must exhibit:

(A) The ability/capacity to learn and develop generalized skills to assist with his or her independence; and

(B) The ability to develop generalized skills to assist in addressing maladaptive behaviors associated with ASD.

(4) The member is medically stable and does not require twenty-four (24) hour medical/nursing monitoring or procedures provided in a hospital or intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICF/IID).

(5) The member exhibits atypical or disruptive behavior within the most recent thirty (30) calendar days that significantly interferes with daily functioning and activities. Such atypical or disruptive behavior may include, but is not limited to:

(A) Impulsive aggression toward others;

(B) Self-injury behaviors; or

(C) Intentional property destruction.

(6) The focus of treatment is not custodial in nature (which is defined as care provided when the member "has reached maximum level of physical or mental function and such person is not likely to make further significant improvement" or "any type of care where the primary purpose of the type of care provided is to attend to the member's daily living activities which do not entail or require the continuing attention of trained medical or paramedical personnel.")

(7) It has been determined that there is no less intensive or more appropriate level of services which can be safely and effectively provided.

(e) Intervention criteria. Eligible providers must submit an initial prior authorization request to the Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) or its designated agent and meet the following SoonerCare intervention criteria for ABA services.

(1) The intervention criteria includes a comprehensive behavioral and functional evaluation outlining the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis of ASD and its associated comorbidities. In addition to completing the initial request form, providers will be required to submit a written assessment that will consist of the following:

(A) Information about relevant medical status, prior assessment results, response to prior treatment, and other relevant information gathered from review of records and past assessments.

(B) Information gathered from interview of family and/or caregivers, rating scales, and social validity measures to assess perceptions of the client's skill deficits and behavioral excesses, and the extent to which these deficits impede the daily life of the member and the family.

(C) Direct assessment and observation, including any data related to the identified problem behavior. The analysis of such data serves as the primary basis for identifying pretreatment levels of functioning, developing and adapting treatment protocols, and evaluating response to treatment and progress towards goals.

(D) Functional assessment of problem behavior that includes antecedent factors, skill deficits, and consequences contributing to the problem behavior. The treatment plan should address all three (3) areas, including antecedent interventions, teaching replacement skills, and modification of consequences.

(2) The ABA treatment will be time limited and must:

(A) Be child-centered and based upon individualized goals that are strengths-specific, family focused, and community based;

(B) Be culturally competent and the least intrusive as possible;

(C) Clearly define in measurable and objective terms the specific target behaviors that are linked to the function of (or reason for) the behavior;

(D) Record the frequency, rate, symptom intensity/duration, or other objective measures of baseline levels;

(E) Set quantifiable criteria for progress;

(F) Establish and record behavioral intervention techniques that are appropriate to target behaviors. The detailed behavior analytic treatment plan utilizes reinforcement and other behavioral principles and excludes the use of methods or techniques that lack consensus about their effectiveness based on evidence in peer-reviewed publications;

(G) Specify strategies for generalization of learned skills;

(H) Document planning for transition through the continuum of interventions, services, and settings, as well as discharge criteria;

(I) Include parent(s)/legal guardian(s) in behavioral training techniques so that they can practice additional hours of intervention on their own. The treatment plan is expected to achieve the parent(s)/legal guardian(s) ability to successfully reinforce the established plan of care. Frequency of parental involvement will be determined by the treatment provider and listed on the treatment plan;

(J) Document parent(s)/legal guardian(s) participation in the training of behavioral techniques in the member's medical record. Parent(s)/legal guardian(s)' participation is critical to the generalization of treatment goals to the member's environment; and

(K) Ensure that recommended ABA services do not duplicate or replicate services received in a member's primary academic education setting, or provided within an Individualized Education Plan (IEP), Individualized Service Plan (ISP), or any other individual plan of care.

(f) ABA extension requests. Extension requests for ABA services must be submitted to the OHCA or its designated agent. Extension requests must contain the appropriate documentation validating the need for continued treatment and establish the following:

(1) Eligibility criteria in (d) 1-6;

(2) The frequency of the target behavior has diminished since last review, or if not, there has been modification of the treatment or additional assessments have been conducted;

(3) If progress has not been measurable after two (2) extension requests, a functional analysis will be completed which records the member's maladaptive serious target behavioral symptom(s), and precipitants, as well as makes a determination of the function a particular maladaptive behavior serves for the member in the environmental context;

(4) Appropriate consultations from other staff or experts have occurred (psychiatric consults, pediatric evaluation for other conditions) and interventions have been changed, including the number of hours per week of service or setting (higher level of care);

(5) Parent(s)/legal guardian(s) have received re-training on these changed approaches; and

(6) The treatment plan documents a gradual tapering of higher intensities of intervention and shifting to supports from other sources (i.e., schools) as progress occurs.

(g) Reimbursement methodology.   SoonerCare shall provide reimbursement for ABA services in accordance with the Medicaid State Plan.

(1) Payment shall only be made to SoonerCare-contracted groups or qualified individual providers who are currently licensed and in good standing. Payment is not made to under supervision ABA practitioners/paraprofessionals, including but not limited to, BCaBAs and RBTs.

(2) Reimbursement for ABA services is only made on a fee-for-services basis. The maximum allowable fee for a unit of service has been determined by OHCA to be a reasonable fee, consistent with efficiency, economy, and quality of care. Payment for covered services is the lower of the provider's actual billed charges, consistent with the provider's usual and customary charge to the general public for the service, or the maximum allowable per unit of service.

(3) Reimbursement shall only be made for services that have been prior-authorized by OHCA or its designee.

(4) Reimbursement for ABA services shall not be made to or for services rendered by a parent, legal guardian, or other legally responsible person.

 

Disclaimer. The OHCA rules found on this Web site are unofficial. The official rules are published by the Oklahoma Secretary of State Office of Administrative Rules as Title 317 of the Oklahoma Administrative Code. To order an official copy of these rules, contact the Office of Administrative Rules at (405) 521-4911.