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317:30-5-555.Private Duty Nursing (PDN)
[Revised 09-14-2020]

PDN is medically necessary care provided on a regular basis by a licensed practical nurse or registered nurse. PDN is the level of care that would routinely be provided by the nursing staff of a hospital or skilled nursing facility. PDN services are provided:

(1) In the member's primary residence, unless it is medically necessary for a nurse to accompany the individual in the community.

(A) The individual's place of residence is wherever the individual lives, whether the residence is the individual's own dwelling, a relative's home, or other type of living arrangement. The place of residence cannot include a hospital, nursing facility, or intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICF/IID).

(B) The place of service in the community cannot include the residence or business location of the provider of PDN services unless the provider of PDN is a live-in caregiver.

(2) To assist during transportation to routine, Medicaid-compensable health care appointments and/or to the nearest appropriate emergency room, but only when SoonerRide is unavailable, and a lack of PDN services during transportation would require transportation by ambulance pursuant to Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 317:30-5-336.

(A) The private duty nurse may not drive the vehicle during transportation.

(B) PDN services are not available for non-routine extended home absences unrelated to medically necessary treatment or medical care. [Refer to Oklahoma Administrative Code 317:30-5-558(4)and(13)].

317:30-5-556.Eligible providers

[Revised 09-14-2020]
(a) A home health agency that desires to be reimbursed by SoonerCare for private duty nursing (PDN) must meet the following requirements prior to providing services to eligible SoonerCare members:
   (1) The agency must be fully contracted with OHCA as a provider;
(2) The agency must meet the requirements of Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 317:30-5-545, and it must be licensed by the Oklahoma State Health    
   Department (OSDH) as a home care agency.
(b) The provider of PDN services, within the agency, must be a licensed practical nurse or a registered nurse who is currently licensed and in good standing in the state in which services are provided.



317:30-5-557.Coverage by category
[Revised 08-13-10]
(a) Adults. SoonerCare does not cover adults (Age 21 or over) for private duty nursing with the exception of subsection (c).
(b) Children. SoonerCare does cover children (Under the age of 21) if:
(1) the child is eligible for SoonerCare; and
(2) the Oklahoma Health Care Authority, in its discretion, deems the services medically necessary. Medical necessity is determined in accordance with OAC 317:30-5-560.1.
(c) Individuals eligible for Part B of Medicare. Payment is made utilizing the SoonerCare allowable for comparable services.
317:30-5-558.Private duty nursing (PDN) coverage limitations
[Revised 09-14-2020]

The following provisions apply to all PDN services and provide coverage limitations:

(1) All services must be prior authorized to receive payment from the Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA). Prior authorization means authorization in advance of services provided in accordance with Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 317:30-3-31 and 317:30-5-560.1;

(2) A treatment plan must be completed by the home health agency before requestingprior authorization and must be updated at least annually and signed by the physician;

(3) A telephonic interview and/or personal visit by an OHCA care management nurse is required prior to the authorization for services;

(4) Care in excess of the designated hours per day granted in the prior authorization is not SoonerCare compensable. Prior-authorized but unused service hours cannot be "banked," "saved," or otherwise "accumulated" for use at a future date or time. If such hours or services are provided, they are not SoonerCare compensable.

(5) Any medically necessary PDN care provided outside of the home must be counted in and cannot exceed the number of hours requested on the treatment plan and approved by OHCA.

(6) PDN services do not include office time or administrative time in providing the service. The time billed is for direct nursing services only.

(7)Staff must be engaged in purposeful activity that directly benefits the member receiving services. Staff must be physically able and mentally alert to carry out the duties of the job. At no time will OHCA compensate an organization for nursing staff time when sleeping.

(8) OHCA will not approve PDN services if all health and safety issues cannot be met in the setting in which services are provided.

(9) A provider must not misrepresent or omit facts in a treatment plan.

(10) It is outside the scope of coverage to deliver care in a manner outside of the treatment plan or to deliver units over the authorized units of care.

(11) PDN is not authorized in excess of sixteen (16) hours per day. There may be approval for additional hours for a period not to exceed thirty (30) days, if:

(A) The member has an acute episode that would otherwise require hospitalization or immediately following a hospital stay; or

(B) The primary caregiver is temporarily and involuntarily unable to provide care.

(C) The OHCA has discretion and the final authority to approve or deny any additional PDN hours and will take into consideration that the additional hours are not to be a substitute for institutionalized care.

(12) Family and/or caregivers and/or guardians (hereinafter, "caregivers") are required to provide some of the nursing care to the member without compensation. PDN services shall not be provided solely to allow the member's caregiver to work or go to school, nor solely to allow respite for the caregiver.

(13) PDN services will not be approved for overnight trips away from the member's primary residence that are unrelated to medically necessary treatment or medical care.

(A) For a member to receive Medicaid-reimbursable PDN services on an overnight trip that is related to medically necessary treatment or medical care, all provisions of this Part must be met. If said trip occurs out of state, OAC 317:30-3-89 through 317:30-3-92 must also be met.

(B) In instances in which the member's family is temporarily absent due to vacations, any additional PDN hours must be paid for by the family, or provided by other trained family members without SoonerCare reimbursement.

(14) PDN services will not be approved when services are reimbursed or reimbursable by other insurance, other governmental programs, or Medicaid program services that the member receives or is eligible to receive. For example, if a member receives Medicaid-reimbursable PDN services pursuant to an Individualized Education Program (IEP) in a public school, then those PDN school hours will be counted in the member's daily allotment of PDN services.


317:30-5-559.How services are authorized
[Revised 09-01-15]

An eligible provider may have private duty nursing services authorized by following all the following steps:

(1) create a treatment plan for the patient as expressed in OAC 317:30-5-560;

(2) submit the prior authorization request with the appropriate OHCA required forms, the treatment plan, and request the telephonic interview and/or personal visit by an OHCA Care Management Nurse; and
(3) have an OHCA physician determine medical necessity of the service including scoring the member's needs on the Private Duty Nursing Acuity Grid.

317:30-5-560.Treatment Plan
[Revised 09-01-15]

(a) An eligible organization must create a treatment plan for the member as part of the authorization process for private duty nursing services.  The initial treatment plan must be signed by the member's attending physician.

(b) The treatment plan must include all of the following medical and social data so that an OHCA physician can appropriately determine medical necessity including use of the Private Duty Nursing Acuity Grid:

(1) diagnosis;

(2) prognosis;

(3) anticipated length of treatment;

(4) number of hours of private duty nursing requested per day;

(5) assessment needs and frequency (e.g., vital signs, glucose checks, neuro checks, respiratory);

(6) medication method of administration and frequency;

(7) age-appropriate feeding requirements (diet, method and frequency);

(8) respiratory needs;

(9) mobility requirements including need for turning and positioning, and the potential for skin breakdown;

(10) developmental deficits;

(11) casting, orthotics, therapies;

(12) age-appropriate elimination needs;

(13) seizure activity and precautions;

(14) age-appropriate sleep patterns;

(15) disorientation and/or combative issues;

(16) age-appropriate wound care and/or personal care;

(17) communication issues;

(18) social support needs;

(19) name, skill level, and availability of all caregivers; and
(20) other pertinent nursing needs such as dialysis, isolation.

317:30-5-560.1.Prior authorization requirements
[Revised 09-01-15]

(a) Authorizations are provided for a maximum period of six months.

(b) Authorizations require:

(1) a treatment plan for the member;

(2) a telephonic interview and/or personal visit by an OHCA Care Management Nurse; and

(3) an OHCA physician to determine medical necessity including use of the Private Duty Nursing Acuity Grid.

(c) The number of hours authorized may differ from the hours requested on the treatment plan based on the review by an OHCA physician.

(d) If the member's condition necessitates a change in the treatment plan, the provider must request a new prior authorization.

(e) Changes in the treatment plan may necessitate another telephonic interview and/or personal visit by the OHCA Care Management staff.
317:30-5-560.2.Record documentation
[Revised 12-01-06]
The treatment plan must be updated and signed by the attending physician at least annually. Copies of the attending physician's orders and, at a minimum, the last 30 days of medical records for the actual care provided must be maintained in the home. Medical records must include the beginning and ending time of the care and must be signed by the person providing care. The nurse's credentials must also be included. All provisions of the treatment plan, such as vital signs, medication administration, glucose/neuro checks, vital signs, respiratory assessments, and all applicable treatments must be documented in the record. All records must meet the requirements set forth in OAC 317:30-3-15.

Disclaimer. The OHCA rules found on this Web site are unofficial. The official rules are published by the Oklahoma Secretary of State Office of Administrative Rules as Title 317 of the Oklahoma Administrative Code. To order an official copy of these rules, contact the Office of Administrative Rules at (405) 521-4911.